There was a strong focus on digitisation at this year's London Book Fair, with a full programme of seminars on the subject, and a general buzz around how to go about digitising your content. Sara also revealed, during the seminar entitled "Commercial Angles to Digitisation: Do They Exist in the Book World?", that Pan Macmillan will publish new print and e-books simultaneously from January 2009. Other big publishers making similar moves are Penguin and Bloomsbury. Read a US perspective on this UK-based news here. There seems to be a healthy progression underway from the question of "Will people want to read from a screen?" to active engagement with the task of going digital. With any luck, at LBF 2009 we'll be looking back at the year of digitisation and focusing on what else we can do with digital publishing, apart from eBooks.
For a quick run down on the central issues, listen to Sara's segment in The Guardian podcast from the LBF.
I attended a few of the digital publishing seminars, and also branched out into other topics, such as children's publishing around the world and how to get ahead in publishing. Points from the digital seminars that I made note of include:
- We should broaden the definition of publishers' digital content, e.g. to include audio and video. I think some publishers already do encompass these other media in their concept of 'digital' but the underlying shift is to see books and reading as having cross-media potential in publishing, marketing and revenue terms.
- Some ideas on how to exploit your digital content, including using print-on-demand services, distributing extracts via widgets, and so on. Some of the speakers on this topic really didn't go far enough, I thought - i.e. beyond their own product offering. I would echo much of what Sara had to say in a different seminar: digital publishing is not only about eBooks and p.o.d.; it's also about other digital media, cost efficiency, increasing print sales, and exploring other models such as e-only publication and webscriptions.
- There's a general sense of separation between digitisation and digital marketing, and I'm not sure I agree that a sort of cordon sanitaire should be drawn between the two. Again, beyond eBooks that are a facsimile of the print books, digital publishing could well turn out to be an amalgamation of many digital 'behaviours' and it may not be a good idea to separate marketing and title creation... but we'll see, I suppose. The basic point is sound, especially when it comes to budget forecasts and such like. Of course, lurking in the shadows is the issue of customer satisfaction and how to achieve it with eBooks... to DRM or not to DRM? That is the question... (to mangle a perfectly good line from Hamlet)
- Lots about the practical steps that need to be taken to digitise your content: XML, fragment, repository, processing... and other juicy words people like me, with an operational string to their bow, like to hear.
- Setting the scope of your digital publishing efforts, and choosing your strategy accordingly are important. Fionnula Duggan, Digital Director at Random House Group, outlined an extensive vision of the drivers of digitisation and the spectrum of responses. She clearly identified Apple, Google and Amazon as the main sources of opportunity and threat in the offing (how would you place your bets?). This was good stuff, but it struck me that for many smaller publishers, the choices would be likewise smaller. There's a lot you can do with very little now - thinking tactically and making targeted, title-by-title experiments could be the way to go. Hilary Lambert of Sweet & Maxwell (part of Thomson) gave some excellent illustrations of how to test the market with digital product, evaluate the response, and adapt your strategy appropriately. Her key point, it seemed to me, was that publishers should work to properly understand the usage and value dynamic of digital products, and simply use digitisation to increase accessibility to your products.
Wandering the book-lined corridors of Earls Court 1 & 2, I found there were also plenty of stands displaying eBook services and digital publishing solutions of various sorts. A strong presence from Ingram (and their Lightning Source service) and I heard and saw from interesting things about mobile technology and software-esque books. The friendliest reception I received, by far, was at the CPI stand. I also managed to snaffle a few cashew nuts and a dram of malt whisky along the way!